使用eNSP搭建企业网络

局域网内的具体技术:如利用vlan进行业务隔离;通过stp技术来防止环路,保证冗余链路的正常通信;学会使用VRRP技术来实现负载分担以及防止单点故障;利用OSPF协议使得总部和分布的网络能够正常通信;以及运用ACL和NAT对数据流进行控制和去外网通信。

实验拓扑图

img

实验配置

(1)vlan间路由

接入层交换机LSW4

创建VLAN

[LSW4]vlan 10

[LSW4-vlan10]vlan 20

[LSW4-vlan20]quit

配置与主机相连的接口为Access并绑定VLAN

[LSW4]int e0/0/1

[LSW4-Ethernet0/0/1]un sh

Info: Interface Ethernet0/0/1 is not shutdown.

[LSW4-Ethernet0/0/1]port link-t a

[LSW4-Ethernet0/0/1]port de vlan 10

[LSW4-Ethernet0/0/1]int e0/0/2

[LSW4-Ethernet0/0/2]port link-t a

[LSW4-Ethernet0/0/2]port de vlan 20

配置与交换机相连的接口为Trunk并允许所有VLAN通过

[LSW4-Ethernet0/0/2]int e0/0/3

[LSW4-Ethernet0/0/3]port link-t t

[LSW4-Ethernet0/0/3]port t allow vlan all

[LSW4-Ethernet0/0/3]int e0/0/4

[LSW4-Ethernet0/0/4]port link-t t

[LSW4-Ethernet0/0/4]port t allow vlan all

[LSW4-Ethernet0/0/4]quit

l 接入层交换机LSW5

与LSW4类似,创建VLAN,设置接口即可

[LSW5]vlan 30

[LSW5-vlan30]vlan 40

[LSW5-vlan40]quit

[LSW5]int e0/0/1

[LSW5-Ethernet0/0/1]port link-t a

[LSW5-Ethernet0/0/1]port de vlan 30

[LSW5-Ethernet0/0/1]int e0/0/2

[LSW5-Ethernet0/0/2]port link-t a

[LSW5-Ethernet0/0/2]port de vlan 40

[LSW5-Ethernet0/0/2]int e0/0/3

[LSW5-Ethernet0/0/3]port link-t t

[LSW5-Ethernet0/0/3]port t allow vlan all

[LSW5-Ethernet0/0/3]int e0/0/4

[LSW5-Ethernet0/0/4]port link-t t

[LSW5-Ethernet0/0/4]port t allow vlan all

[LSW5-Ethernet0/0/4]quit

核心层交换机LSW1

创建VLAN

[LSW1]vlan 10

[LSW1-vlan10]vlan 20

[LSW1-vlan20]vlan 30

[LSW1-vlan30]vlan 40

[LSW1-vlan40]vlan 50

[LSW1-vlan50]quit

与交换机相连接口设为Trunk并允许所有VLAN通过

[LSW1]int g0/0/1

[LSW1-GigabitEthernet0/0/1]port link-t t

[LSW1-GigabitEthernet0/0/1]port t allow vlan all

[LSW1-GigabitEthernet0/0/1]int g0/0/3

[LSW1-GigabitEthernet0/0/3]port link-t t

[LSW1-GigabitEthernet0/0/3]port t allow vlan all

[LSW1-GigabitEthernet0/0/3]int g0/0/2

[LSW1-GigabitEthernet0/0/2]port link-t t

[LSW1-GigabitEthernet0/0/2]port t allow vlan all

服务器接入VLAN50,将将与服务器相连的接口设为Access口并绑定VLAN50

[LSW1-GigabitEthernet0/0/2]int g0/0/5

[LSW1-GigabitEthernet0/0/5]port link-t a

[LSW1-GigabitEthernet0/0/5]port de vlan 50

[LSW1-GigabitEthernet0/0/5]quit

给连接路由器的接口绑定VLAN*60,方便配置地址

[LSW1]vlan 60

[LSW1-vlan60]int g0/0/4

[LSW1-GigabitEthernet0/0/4]port link-t a

[LSW1-GigabitEthernet0/0/4]port de vlan 60

[LSW1-GigabitEthernet0/0/4]quit

 给VLAN分配IP地址(配置真实网关)

[LSW1]int vlan 10

[LSW1-Vlanif10]ip add 192.168.10.1 24

[LSW1-Vlanif10]int vlan 20

[LSW1-Vlanif20]ip add 192.168.20.1 24

[LSW1-Vlanif20]int vlan 30

[LSW1-Vlanif30]ip add 192.168.30.1 24

[LSW1-Vlanif30]int vlan 40

[LSW1-Vlanif40]ip add 192.168.40.1 24

[LSW1-Vlanif40]int vlan 50

[LSW1-Vlanif50]ip add 192.168.50.1 24

[LSW1-Vlanif50]int vlan 60

[LSW1-Vlanif60]ip add 192.168.60.1 24

[LSW1-Vlanif60]quit

l 核心层交换机LSW2

与LSW1类似,创建VLAN、配置好接口、设置真实网关(与S1地址不同)

[LSW2]vlan 10

[LSW2-vlan10]vlan 20

[LSW2-vlan20]vlan 30

[LSW2-vlan30]vlan 40

[LSW2-vlan40]quit

[LSW2]int g0/0/1

[LSW2-GigabitEthernet0/0/1]port link-t t

[LSW2-GigabitEthernet0/0/1]port t allow vlan all

[LSW2-GigabitEthernet0/0/1]int g0/0/2

[LSW2-GigabitEthernet0/0/2]port link-t t

[LSW2-GigabitEthernet0/0/2]port t allow vlan all

[LSW2-GigabitEthernet0/0/2]int g0/0/3

[LSW2-GigabitEthernet0/0/3]port link-t t

[LSW2-GigabitEthernet0/0/3]port t allow vlan all

[LSW2-GigabitEthernet0/0/3]quit

[LSW2]vlan 70

[LSW2-vlan70]int g0/0/4

[LSW2-GigabitEthernet0/0/4]port link-t a

[LSW2-GigabitEthernet0/0/4]port de vlan 70

[LSW2-GigabitEthernet0/0/4]quit

[LSW2]int vlan 10

[LSW2-Vlanif10]ip add 192.168.10.2 24

[LSW2-Vlanif10]int vlan 20

[LSW2-Vlanif20]ip add 192.168.20.2 24

[LSW2-Vlanif20]int vlan 30

[LSW2-Vlanif30]ip add 192.168.30.2 24

[LSW2-Vlanif30]int vlan 40

[LSW2-Vlanif40]ip add 192.168.40.2 24

[LSW2-Vlanif40]int vlan 70

[LSW2-Vlanif70]ip add 192.168.70.2 24

[LSW2-Vlanif70]quit

(2)DHCP的搭建

l 客户端开启DHCP

l 交换机LSW1和LSW2上配置DHCP服务

开启DHCP服务

[SW1]dhcp en

Info: The operation may take a few seconds. Please wait for a moment.done.

创建地址池vlan10、vlan20、vlan30、vlan40,其中$代表1~4,网关使用之后配置的虚拟网关

[LSW1]ip pool vlan$0

Info:It’s successful to create an IP address pool.

[LSW1-ip-pool-vlan$0]gateway-list 192.168.10.254

[LSW1-ip-pool-vlan$0]network 192.168.$0.0 mask 255.255.255.0

[LSW1-ip-pool-vlan$0]quit

VLAN绑定地址池

[LSW1]int vlan $0

[LSW1-Vlanif$0]dhcp select global

[LSW1-Vlanif$0]quit

LSW1排除地址

[LSW1-ip-pool-vlan$0]excluded-ip-address 192.168.$0.1 192.168.$0.127

LSW2排除地址

[LSW2-ip-pool-vlan$0]ex 192.168.$0.128 192.168.$0.253

(3) STP+VRRP的配置

l 汇聚层交换机LSW4、LSW5只需要开启STP即可

[LSW4]stp mode stp

Info: This operation may take a few seconds. Please wait for a moment…done.

[LSW5]stp mode stp

Info: This operation may take a few seconds. Please wait for a moment…done.

l 核心层LSW1配置

开启STP

[LSW1]stp mode stp

Info: This operation may take a few seconds. Please wait for a moment…done.

设置LSW1为根桥

[LSW1]stp priority 0

配置VRRP,LSW1是VLAN10、VLAN20的Master,当上层接口错误时,自动降低优先级,让LSW2成为Master

[LSW1]int vlan 10

[LSW1-Vlanif10]vrrp vrid 10 vi 192.168.10.254

[LSW1-Vlanif10]vrrp vrid 10 prio 120

[LSW1-Vlanif10]vrrp vrid 10 track int g0/0/4 reduce 30

[LSW1-Vlanif10]int vlan 20

[LSW1-Vlanif20]vrrp vrid 20 vi 192.168.20.254

[LSW1-Vlanif20]vrrp vrid 20 prio 120

[LSW1-Vlanif20]vrrp vrid 20 track int g0/0/4 re 30

[LSW1-Vlanif20]int vlan 30

[LSW1-Vlanif30]vrrp vrid 30 vi 192.168.30.254

[LSW1-Vlanif30]int vlan 40

[LSW1-Vlanif40]vrrp vrid 40 vi 192.168.40.254

[LSW1-Vlanif40]quit

l 核心层LSW2配置

开启STP,并将优先级设为4096

[LSW2]stp mode stp

Info: This operation may take a few seconds. Please wait for a moment…done.

[LSW2]stp prio 4096

配置VRRP,LSW2是VLAN30、VLAN40的Master,当上层接口错误时,自动降低优先级,让LSW1成为Master

[LSW2]int vlan 10

[LSW2-Vlanif10]vrrp vrid 10 vi 192.168.10.254

[LSW2-Vlanif10]int vlan 20

[LSW2-Vlanif20]vrrp vrid 20 vi 192.168.20.254

[LSW2-Vlanif20]int vlan 30

[LSW2-Vlanif30]vrrp vrid 30 vi 192.168.30.254

[LSW2-Vlanif30]vrrp vrid 30 prio 120

[LSW2-Vlanif30]vrrp vrid 30 track int g0/0/4 re 30

[LSW2-Vlanif30]int vlan 40

[LSW2-Vlanif40]vrrp vrid 40 vi 192.168.40.254

[LSW2-Vlanif40]vrrp vrid 40 prio 120

[LSW2-Vlanif40]vrrp vrid 40 track int g0/0/4 re 30

[LSW2-Vlanif40]quit

(4)OSPF的搭建

l LSW1OSPF配置

查看接口IP

[LSW1]dis ip int br

Interface IP Address/Mask Physical Protocol

MEth0/0/1 unassigned down down

NULL0 unassigned up up(s)

Vlanif1 unassigned up down

Vlanif10 192.168.10.1/24 up up

Vlanif20 192.168.20.1/24 up up

Vlanif30 192.168.30.1/24 up up

Vlanif40 192.168.40.1/24 up up

Vlanif50 192.168.50.1/24 up up

Vlanif60 192.168.60.1/24 up up

根据所有IP宣告相应网段

[LSW1]ospf 1

[LSW1-ospf-1]area 0.0.0.0

[LSW1-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]net 192.168.10.0 0.0.0.255

[LSW1-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]net 192.168.20.0 0.0.0.255

[LSW1-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]net 192.168.30.0 0.0.0.255

[LSW1-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]net 192.168.40.0 0.0.0.255

[LSW1-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]net 192.168.50.0 0.0.0.255

[LSW1-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]net 192.168.60.0 0.0.0.255

[LSW1-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]quit

[LSW1-ospf-1]qu

l LSW2OSPF配置

与LSW1类似

[LSW2]dis ip int br

Interface IP Address/Mask Physical Protocol

MEth0/0/1 unassigned down down

NULL0 unassigned up up(s)

Vlanif1 unassigned up down

Vlanif10 192.168.10.2/24 up up

Vlanif20 192.168.20.2/24 up up

Vlanif30 192.168.30.2/24 up up

Vlanif40 192.168.40.2/24 up up

Vlanif70 192.168.70.2/24 up up

[LSW2]ospf 1

[LSW2-ospf-1]area 0.0.0.0

[LSW2-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]net 192.168.10.0 0.0.0.255

[LSW2-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]net 192.168.20.0 0.0.0.255

[LSW2-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]net 192.168.30.0 0.0.0.255

[LSW2-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]net 192.168.40.0 0.0.0.255

[LSW2-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]net 192.168.70.0 0.0.0.255

[LSW2-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]quit

[LSW2-ospf-1]quit

(5)ACL+NAT

l AR1上ACL+NAT配置

Easy IP:

配置基本ACL并添加规则,允许VLAN10、VLAN30、VLAN50访问外网,VLAN20、40不能访问

[AR1]acl number 2000

[AR1-acl-basic-2000]rule 0 per source 192.168.10.0 0.0.0.255

[AR1-acl-basic-2000]rule 5 per source 192.168.30.0 0.0.0.255

[AR1-acl-basic-2000]rule 10 per source 192.168.50.0 0.0.0.255

[AR1-acl-basic-2000]quit

绑定规则到外网端口

[AR1]int g0/0/2

[AR1-GigabitEthernet0/0/2]nat outbound 2000

静态NAT,将服务器内网地址转为一个专门的公有IP

[AR1-GigabitEthernet0/0/2]nat static global 200.200.200.10 inside 192.168.50.253

[AR1-GigabitEthernet0/0/2]quit

(6)路由器OSPF协议的配置

l AR1OSPF配置

配置接口IP

[AR1]int g0/0/0

[AR1-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]ip add 192.168.60.100 24

Sep 26 2019 09:54:53-08:00 AR1 %%01IFNET/4/LINK_STATE(l)[0]:The line protocol IP

on the interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0 has entered the UP state.

[AR1-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]int g0/0/1

[AR1-GigabitEthernet0/0/1]ip add 192.168.70.100 24

Sep 26 2019 09:55:16-08:00 AR1 %%01IFNET/4/LINK_STATE(l)[1]:The line protocol IP

on the interface GigabitEthernet0/0/1 has entered the UP state.

[AR1-GigabitEthernet0/0/1]int g0/0/2

[AR1-GigabitEthernet0/0/2]ip add 200.200.200.1 24

Sep 26 2019 09:56:09-08:00 AR1 %%01IFNET/4/LINK_STATE(l)[2]:The line protocol IP

on the interface GigabitEthernet0/0/2 has entered the UP state.

[AR1-GigabitEthernet0/0/2]quit

查看接口地址

[AR1]dis ip int br

Interface IP Address/Mask Physical Protocol

GigabitEthernet0/0/0 192.168.60.100/24 up up

GigabitEthernet0/0/1 192.168.70.100/24 up up

GigabitEthernet0/0/2 200.200.200.1/24 up up

NULL0 unassigned up up(s)

宣告地址段

[AR1]ospf 1

[AR1-ospf-1]area 0.0.0.0

[AR1-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]net 192.168.60.0 0.0.0.255

[AR1-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]net 192.168.70.0 0.0.0.255

[AR1-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]net 200.200.200.0 0.0.0.255

[AR1-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]quit

[AR1-ospf-1]quit

配置到外网的默认路由,并加入到OSPF中

[AR1]ip route-static 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 200.200.200.100

[AR1]ospf 1

[AR1-ospf-1]default-route-advertise

[AR1-ospf-1]quit

(7)路由器AR2的配置

[AR2]int g0/0/0

[AR2-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]ip add 200.200.200.100 24

[AR2-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]int g0/0/1

[AR2-GigabitEthernet0/0/1]ip add 200.200.201.1 24

[AR2-GigabitEthernet0/0/1]quit

结果测试

1、内网电脑之间进行通信:

img

PC1能够ping通其他四个VLAN内的主机

2、内网主机动态获取IP地址:

img

img

PC配置DHCP能够自动获取IP

3、内网主机访问外网:

img

img

img

PC1、PC3和Server1能够ping通外网的主机,PC2和PC4ping通


文章汇总:

HCL的安装和使用
[go->](/2019/09/09/web-HCL0/index.html)
ping通及Telnet
[go->](/2019/09/09/web-HCL1/index.html)
VLAN间通信
[go->](/2019/09/11/web-HCL2/index.html)
DHCP配置
[go->](/2019/09/12/web-HCL3/index.html)
DHCP中继
[go->](/2019/09/18/web-HCL4/index.html)
STP及VRRP配置
[go->](/2019/09/18/web-HCL5/index.html)
RIP配置
[go->](/2019/09/19/web-HCL6/index.html)
OSPF配置
[go->](/2019/09/27/web-HCL7/index.html)
ACL+NAT配置
[go->](/2019/09/27/web-HCL8/index.html)
使用eNSP搭建企业网络
[go->](/2019/09/30/web-HCL9/index.html)

文章标题:使用eNSP搭建企业网络

文章字数:2.7k

本文作者:Luwang

发布时间:2019-09-30, 07:58:17

最后更新:2020-02-25, 00:24:27

原始链接:https://wallleap.cn/2019/09/30/web-HCL9/

版权声明: "署名-非商用-相同方式共享 4.0" 转载请保留原文链接及作者。


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